Scenario Of Food Pocessing


Bihar is known for some famous fine varieties of rice, including Katarani rice, renowned for its special aroma, produced in Bhagalpur- Munger region. Patna rice is another fine variety produced in the State. Districts like Rohtas, Kaimur, Aurangabad, Bhojpur and Buxar in South-west region, are known as the “rice bowl “of the State. ‘Sona Chood’ of Bhojpur region is yet another scented variety. These districts account for around 30% of rice production and have a thriving rice milling cluster


Wheat is a major crop in Bihar, both for production and consumption. It is the staple food of Bihar and is largely consumed as the main meal in most parts of the states. With the growing population, the demand of wheat for local consumption has been on the rise.


The production level of maize has recorded a positive trend. In 2016-17, the maize production touched a new height of 38.46 lakh tonnes. In Bihar, maize is produced both in Rabi and Kharif seasons. Almost 65% of the maize production in Bihar comes from the North Eastern part of Bihar from the Kosi and Purnea divisions.


Fox nuts or makhana is widely accepted as a health food across the country. They make for high nutrition protein rich snacks. Bihar accounts for more than 85 percent of the total makhana produced in the country. Northern part of Bihar, constituting districts of Madhubani, Darbhanga, Sitamarhi, Saharsha, Katihar, Purnia, Supaul, Kishanganj and Araria, are agro climatically suitable for makhana cultivation


The Gangetic alluvial soil and agro-climatic conditions in Bihar are ideal for growing fruits. Among the most prominent ones indigenous to the state are the ‘Shahi’ Litchi from Muzaffarpur and the ‘Malda’ variety of mangoes.


Bihar is among the leading producer of vegetables in India with a production of nearly 158 Lac MT per annum on an area of 8 Lac hectares. Potato constitutes over 40 percent of the total vegetable production in the state. Other important vegetables include Onion, Brinjal, Cauliflower and Tomato. Growth of organized retail market in fresh fruits and vegetables offers significant opportunities for processing and value packaging facilities in vegetable production centres in the State.
It is to be noted that post-harvest management and processing facilities are much more important for fruits and vegetables due to high perishability and consequently a higher wastage ratio. With the launch of the “Scheme for Integrated Development of Food Processing Sector”, the Govt. of Bihar has taken significant steps for setting up RABCs (Rural Agri- Business Centres) across Bihar. These RABCs are aimed at creating the necessary infrastructure for post-harvest handling, storage, primary processing and marketing of produce.


The total milk production in Bihar was 92.41 Lacs MT 2017-18. Only about 10 percent of the milk production is processed by COMFED (Sudha Dairy) at 11 places in Bihar and another 2-3 percent by the private sector. A huge untapped market for milk, ghee, butter, curd, paneer, Ice Cream, sweets etc. exists in the state on a perennial basis.
The government has also launched the Dairy Entrepreneurship Development to encourage the establishment of dairy farms for production of clean milk. Expansion of cold chains, strengthening dairy plants and market network will spearhead milk production in the state.